Minnesota Academic Standards Grades 9-12

Strand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmarks
I. READING AND LITERATURE A. Word Recognition, Analysis, and Fluency (Standard under this heading may be locally determined.)
B. Vocabulary Expansion The student will apply a variety of strategies to expand vocabulary. 1. Acquire, understand and use vocabulary by learning words through explicit vocabulary instruction and independent reading, and appropriately use these words in writing.
2. Determine the meaning of unfamiliar words and metaphors by using dictionaries, context clues and reference books.
3. Identify and analyze analogies.
4. Apply knowledge of Greek and Latin roots, prefixes and suffixes to understand content area vocabulary.
5. Understand the meaning of unknown words using derivations, such as word roots and word origins.
C. Comprehension The student will understand the meaning of informational, expository or persuasive texts, using a variety of strategies and will demonstrate literal, interpretive, inferential and evaluative comprehension. 1. Monitor comprehension and know when and how to use strategies to clarify the understanding of a selection
2. Comprehend and evaluate the purpose, accuracy, comprehensiveness, and usefulness of informational materials.
3. Analyze and draw accurate conclusions about information contained in warranties, contracts, job descriptions, technical descriptions and other informational sources, selected from labels, warnings, manuals, directions, applications and forms in order to complete specific tasks.
4. Analyze a variety of nonfiction materials selected from journals, essays, speeches, biographies and autobiographies.
5. Summarize and paraphrase main idea and supporting details.
6. Trace the logical development of an author's argument, point of view or perspective and evaluate the adequacy, accuracy and appropriateness of the author's evidence in a persuasive text.
7. Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information from texts.
8. Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information, as well as the credibility of sources.
9. Identify, understand and explain the various types of fallacies in logic.
10. Synthesize information from multiple selections in order to draw conclusions, make predictions, and form interpretations.
D. Literature The student will actively engage in the reading process and read, understand, respond to, analyze, interpret, evaluate and appreciate a wide variety of fiction, poetic and nonfiction texts. 1. Read, analyze and evaluate traditional, classical and contemporary works of literary merit from American literature.
2. Read, analyze and evaluate traditional, classical and contemporary works of literary merit from British literature.
3. Read, analyze and evaluate traditional, classical and contemporary works of literary merit from civilizations and countries around the world.
4. Evaluate the impact of an author's decisions regarding word choice, point of view, style and literary elements.
5. Analyze, interpret and evaluate the use of figurative language and imagery in fiction and nonfiction selections, including symbolism, tone, irony and satire.
6. Analyze and evaluate the relationship between and among elements of literature: character, setting, plot, tone, symbolism, rising action, climax, falling action, point of view, theme and conflict/resolution.
7. Evaluate a literary selection from several critical perspectives.
8. Analyze classic and contemporary poems for poetic devices.
9. Analyze the characteristics of literary forms.