Welding, Cutting and Brazing Management Plan
© 2018 Resource Training & Solutions
This Plan is designed to help St Cloud School District comply with the requirements of the MN Dept. of Education with regards to protecting the health and safety of students and employees who weld, cut and braze in their curriculum or work activity. Based on OSHA Standards 1910.251 - 1910.255, this Plan has been developed to provide for a safe and health place for students and staff to learn and work. It is important to note that this plan is written in conjunction with the Compressed Gas Cylinder Plan and is considered to be supportive of that Plan. Topic items related to oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting will be included in this Plan by reference.
While industrial cutting, welding, and other hot work are common and useful production, construction, modification, and maintenance methods, they introduce hazards that must be controlled.
The principal hazard associated with portable hot work equipment is that it introduces unauthorized ignition sources into random areas of the facility. Heat sufficient to start fires or ignite explosive materials may come from a number of sources, including:
- The open flame of a torch,
- Metals being welded or cut,
- Molten slag or metal that flows from the work,
- Sparks that fly from the work,
- An improperly handled soldering iron
- Dropped hot rivets, and
- Improperly applied grounding clamps during electric welding.
Given the complexity of the processes involved in this Plan, 1910.251 is the reference point for resolution of all safety related issues.
As written, this Plan is intended to guide the district in its efforts to provide safe equipment, work practices and safety procedures, but will need to be reviewed and modified on a regular basis. St Cloud School District is responsible for the enforcement and updating of the Plan. Actual use of this Plan is limited to Resource Training and Solutions and to the St Cloud School District which it represents.
Plan Review and Updated Report
Welding, Cutting, Brazing Management Review & Update Report
Program review and changes are documented below. Documented reviews indicate that the plan continues to meet the needs of the District, or has been modified to do so more effectively.
Date Updates/Notes Reviewer 5/27/16 Reviewed - no updates or changes Wayne Warzecha 10/29/21 Reviewed - no updates or changes Wayne Warzecha
Overview of OSHA Standard 1910.251
OSHA has developed this standard to list the basic precautions required for proper work processes, fire protection and prevention responsibilities for individuals involved in welding, cutting and brazing activity. Special considerations are delineated for individuals assigned supervisory responsibilities under the standard, which the St Cloud School District interprets to be the responsible instructor in the curriculum being presented. St Cloud School District has also designated a person who will be held to the highest standards of training, preparation and competence in this area.
As written, this plan will provide emphasis in the following areas:
- Fire prevention and protection
- Safe work practices and procedures
- Health protection and ventilation
- Program review
It is the intent of this Plan to prevent accidents and injuries through recognition and the reduction of hazards, proper training, safe work practices, staff training and program review.
Designated person - instructor responsible for administering the safety plan including authorizing welding in the area, safety reviews and working within defined safe work practices
Energy Source - Any source of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, or other energy. Electrical switches are not only devices that need to be locked out. Sources of air pressure, chemicals, steam, etc. must also be effectively isolated.
Eye protection - helmets, goggles, glasses, hand held shields designed to protect the welder or others from the affects of adverse exposure to radiant energy, especially the high yellow spectrum or sodium line
Hot Work – is defined as cutting, welding, soldering and brazing operations for construction/demolition/maintenance/repair activities that involve the use of portable gas or arc welding equipment. The use of these types of equipment for cutting and welding can introduce significant fire hazards.
Lock Box - a box which holds keys that have been used to lock energy isolating devices. The lock box is in turn locked shut by authorized employee's locks. It is used to simplify a group lockout.
Job Lock - an extra lock that is placed on an energy isolating device or a lock box to insure lockout continuity between shifts.
Protective clothing - personal protective equipment to protect the welder from effects of heat and sparks, may vary with the size, nature and location of work being performed
Safe Work Practices - policies and procedures developed to ensure that welding and related activity are conducted within the safety precautions established by 1910.251 for each welding activity
Shade - amount of protection provided by filter lenses selected according to work being performed and welding, cutting, brazing method in use
Ventilation - a minimum rate of 2,000 cubic feet per minute per welder, can be varied depending upon local conditions such as where local exhaust hoods are provided
Welder - any operator of electric or gas welding and cutting equipment
NOTE: Additional definitions and hazards are referred to in the St Cloud School District Compressed Gas Cylinder Plan.
The St Cloud School District has designated the lead instructor of the metal shop as the responsible person for carrying out the requirements of the plan. Responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
- Ensure that good housekeeping methods are practiced, including the immediate removal and proper storage of combustible materials, elimination of trip and fall hazards;
- During welding operations, ensure no combustible materials are present in the area;
- Ensure that guards are used if the object to be welded or cut be moved and if all of the combustible materials cannot be moved;
- Develop and implement safety training in the class curriculum so that students are provided in-depth training prior to operating welding or cutting equipment;
- Ensure that students and others follow safe operating procedures, including the wearing appropriate PPE; and,
- Review this Plan regularly and at least annually recommend updates or changes to the plan forwarding the Plan with recommendations to the Administration for review by the St Cloud School Board.
The following guidelines shall be followed by both state employees and contractors during all hot work operations, except for those areas specifically designated for such work, e.g., a welding shop located in a maintenance area. The local facility manager shall be assigned to Cutting, Welding, and Other Hot Work.
Inspect the area where hot work operations will be performed before a hot work permit tag is issued. Precautions to be followed before, during, and after hot work operations have been completed are listed in the following guidelines.
All personnel directly involved in the use of and supervision of equipment that is utilized in hot work shall be familiar with the equipment, the hazards of working with the equipment, and the actions required to prevent and extinguish fires when and if they occur.
1. Fire Prevention and Protection
In all instances, welding, cutting and brazing activity will be undertaken when the designated person has given permission for such activity to commence. Such permission will ensure that the precautions have been taken to eliminate or minimize the possibility of fire or explosion in the immediate work air. General fire safety practices be followed to ensure that combustible materials are not present in the area where the work activity is scheduled to take place. In all instances, all combustible materials will be removed from the immediate vicinity and properly stored away from any possible exposure to heat or sparks. In the event that it is not possible to remove all combustible materials, guards should be used to prevent heat, sparks and slag from radiating away from the heat source and into the surrounding area. Some areas will require that special precautions be taken to ensure that sparks do not enter closed areas, cracks in floors, holes in walls or other incidental openings where combustibles might be accidentally ignited.
Fire extinguishers are required to be maintained in the area and in readiness for instant use. It is assumed that the staff supervising these operations will be trained in the safe use of fire extinguishers or will direct that the area be immediately evacuated in the event of a fire emergency. Only staff trained in the use of fire extinguishers shall use them if the situation warrants. The prime directive is to evacuate the area and summon the fire department per district emergency procedures for fire.
Welding, oxyacetylene cutting, hot riveting, grinding, chipping, soldering, and other activities that produce sparks or use flame are important tools of modern industry. The portability of the equipment, and its careless use outside maintenance areas specifically designed for its safe use, can increase the likelihood of fires that will destroy facilities and interrupt production. To make sure portable cutting, welding, and other hot work for maintenance, construction, or modification are done safely, a permit system is required. (See Appendix C)
2. Personal Protective Equipment
Personal protective equipment will be provided to students and staff at no cost. Personal protective equipment will include welding helmets, gloves and aprons. This equipment will be provided to the shop in sufficient quantity to protect all students and staff engaged in activity covered by this Plan. Any other personal protective equipment preferred or requested by students or staff will provided on an exception only basis and then only with the recommendation of the designated person and approval of the Superintendent or designee.
At the end of each school day in which this personal protective equipment was used, the class instructor will provide time for the proper cleaning and storage of each piece of personal protective equipment, inspecting each piece daily for cleanliness and integrity. All personal protective equipment will be stored in cabinets, with welding masks hung on provided hooks to prevent them from possible incidental damage.
3. Health Protection and Ventilation
Arc and gas welding create contamination to which students and instructors are readily exposed. The three factors which govern the amount of exposure include:
- Dimensions of the space in which the welding activity will be completed and is directly related to the height of the ceiling
- Number of welders or amount of welding activities taking place
- Possible dusts, gases and fumes generated by the material being welded
4. Outside or Contractor Coordination
When an outside contractor or party is used to provide services in the shop areas, the shop instructor will ensure that they are made aware of safe work procedures and combustible hazards present in the area in which they will work.
Oxygen-fuel Gas Welding and Cutting
Maximum allowable concentration can be determined by referring to 1910.1000 which is included as Appendix B of this Plan. In general welding situations the minimum ventilation shall be at the minimum rate of 2,000 cubic feet per minute per welder. The exception is where local exhaust hoods and booths with adequate ventilation are provided for each welder. Ventilation hoods used by welders need to supply a minimum of 100 cubic feet per minute of air flow. The ventilation requirements will vary depending on the material or size of space in which the material is being addressed.
Ventilation hoods used by welders need to supply a minimum of 100 cubic feet per minute of air flow. The ventilation requirements will vary depending on the material or size of space in which the material is being addressed.
2. Precautionary Labels
Potentially hazardous materials are frequently included in fluxes, coatings, coverings and filler metals used in the welding and cutting processes or are frequently released into the atmosphere. The hazardous materials most commonly used include: fluorine compounds, zinc, lead, beryllium, cadmium and mercury. In instances where these materials may be present, it is the responsibility of the supplier to determine the hazard and to notify the designated person that it exists. If so notified, the designated person will be responsible for posting appropriate warning labels and ensuring that the lesson plan provides for adequate protection for the students and staff to avoid inhalation hazards.
Permits shall be issued by the local facility manager and only to the individual performing the actual cutting or welding operation (See Appendix C)
Permits shall not be approved for any length of time exceeding the normal shift hours of the welder or cutter, except:
- When welding or cutting operations are planned to continue into the next shift and the same welder or cutter is operating.
- When emergency repair work warrants the continued operation of cutting and/or welding into the next shift.
No permit shall be authorized to be in effect for any length over twenty-four continuous hours.
Permits shall be designed and administered as seen in the attached example.
Permits shall be issued and logged on a job-to-job basis. No permits shall be issued for general work in any location. Each specific job shall be issued a separate permit.
Logs will be maintained to record the issue and retraction of hot work permits. The log shall be kept in such a manner as to identify each permit issued, the time of issue, time of completion, work area and other necessary information, as required.
Once issued, the permit shall be posted in a conspicuous location near the work site so it may be observed during welding or cutting operations.
Authorization – provided by local Facility Manger:
- Authorization shall not be given for hot work operations until all safety precautions and requirements listed on the permit are met. Under no circumstances is a permit to be issued sight unseen. An inspection of the work site must be conducted by the authorizing agent prior to authorizing.
- Authorization shall not be granted for hot work operations if:
- The welder or cutter is not properly trained in welding or cutting operations.
- Fire Watch is not identified and present at work site.
- If welding or cutting equipment is not in proper operating condition and free from defect or damage.
- If the authorizing individual feels that the operation may jeopardize the safety and welfare of workers, residents, and guests in the vicinity of the work.
- Welding or cutting operations without authorization shall be permitted only in designated welding areas designed for that purpose i.e., maintenance shop.
- All other areas will require the use of a hot work permit, issued and signed by a competent authority (Facility Manager), prior to the start of any hot work.
Arc Welding and Cutting
Arc welding equipment shall be selected and maintained in compliance with industry standards, including ANSI and NEMA. Applications need to take into consideration environmental conditions, voltage and design ensuring maximum safety and least possible exposure to hazards by students and staff. Terminals should be protected from accidental contact. Barrier protection will be provided between welding stations to protect students from burns created by sparks and slag. When the welding operation has been completed, the welding rod shall be removed from the holder and the holder placed in a non-conductive sleeve or other apparatus to provide protection in the event of an accidental activation of the welder.
2. Maintenance and Inspection
Arc welding equipment will be inspected regularly by staff to ensure that the cables and holders are in good working condition. Defective equipment will be removed from service until repairs have been completed
All welders shall be equipped with emergency stops and power outage protection in the immediate vicinity of the operator along with lock-out/tag-out procedures established and equipment provided. A welding-spark splash guard will also be provided along with guards on foot switches to prevent accidental operation.
St Cloud School District personnel whose job functions include welding, cutting and/or brazing, whether actually working in the activity or providing student instruction, shall receive training prior to any initial use or work assignments and an annual refresher thereafter. This training may be combined with the district's Employee Right-to-Know training program as well with other job related training programs.
Specific topics to be covered during training for employees shall include:
- fire prevention practices
- personal protective equipment - proper selection, use and maintenance
- health protection
- Filling out welding and burning permit
- proper ventilation
- equipment - proper selection, use and maintenance
A sample training log can be found in Appendix B .
The St Cloud School District will retain training records for each employee for a period of five years (minimum). Training records will include the date the training took place, a copy of the agenda and outline of the training and a log signed with legible signatures.
Appendix A: Compliance Checklist
Appendix B: Training Log
Appendix C: Welding and Burning Permit
Appendix D: OSHA Standards